Wednesday, April 18, 2018

Telephony: Wearable Tech

This past week's question was what social and economic forces shape communication infrastructure? As technology has advanced, new forms of communication have become available. Communication has changed drastically with the introductions of television and the computer – the first and second screens. But perhaps the most influential was the introduction of the telephone and eventually, the smartphone – the third screen. Inventions such as the telephone allowed for long distant verbal communication which evolved into mobile smart phones which allow for nonverbal and verbal communication from practically any location and distance. 

Looking forward, new forms of technology will continue to shape how we communicate with each other. One form of technology that is currently becoming mainstream is wearable tech. Wearable tech has been around since the early 1970s but with the resurgence of smartwatches it’s become relevant to the conversation of future communication. 

Smartwatches act as an extension of one's mobile phone. They alert users to notifications from their favorite applications, messages or calls. They also work well as fitness trackers due to biofeedback abilities. Just as the smartphone changed communication styles, smartwatches have the potential to do so well. It's still quite early to be certain but if they continue to gain popularity, new and alternative ways to communicate may be implemented and thus change the communication infrastructure.

Sources:
Adapa, A., Nah, F., Hall, R., Siau, K., & Smith, S. (2017). Factors Influencing the Adoption of Smart Wearable Devices. Retrieved April 5, 2018, https://doi.org.ezproxy.library.tamu.edu/10.1080/10447318.2017.1357902
Apple Inc. (2018). Watch – Apple. Retrieved April 11, 2018, fromhttps://www.apple.com/watch/
Bajarin, B. (2014, October 6). How Communication Will Evolve Through Digital Touch. Retrieved April 10, 2018, from http://time.com/3474855/touch-communication/
Keith, L. & Wright, R. (2014) Wearable Technology: If the Tech Fits, Wear It. Retrieved April 15, 2018, DOI: 10.1080/15424065.2014.969051z
Lamkin, P. (2015, March 10). Smartwatch timeline: The devices that paved the way for the Apple Watch. Retrieved April 9, 2018, from https://www.wareable.com/smartwatches/smartwatch-timeline-history-watches
Petre, M., Price, B., & Rawassizadeh, R. (2015, January). Wearables: Has the Age of Smartwatches Finally Arrived? Retrieved April 10, 2018, https://doi.org.ezproxy.library.tamu.edu/10.1080/10447318.2017.1357902
Valizadeh, E. (2015). A Survey of Smartwatch Platforms a Developer’s Perspective. Retrieved April 5, 2018, from http://scholarwork.gvsu.edu/cistechlib/207

What social/economic forces shape communication infrastructure?

After the turn of the century and the exponential growth of the internet and internet-based technology, communication infrastructure has been dramatically shaped by our society’s growing need for fast, worldwide communication. The advent of online communication has taken the world by storm and is quickly becoming the standard means of communication around the globe, and in a world where time is money, it’s vital for us to be able to communicate with anyone, anytime, and anywhere, quickly and easily. In a time where everyone is constantly mobile and a person can travel almost anywhere in the world within 24 hours, it is crucial that our means of communicating are not only able to keep up with us but are able to travel with us too.

After the first VoIP transmission began in 1973, it quickly grew and opened the way for a whole new market to emerge. Then, as interest grew in the internet and what it could do, there was an explosion of internet-based technology that pushed the limits of what was capable at the time. Among this technology was online communication, with email and instant messaging. Then, after the turn of the century, a new wave of technology emerged that allowed us to do more than communicate through text, it allowed us to have audio and video conversations. Additionally, doing this was free, and it allowed us to quickly and easily communicate with anyone anywhere in the world.

VoIP has proven to be a real game changer in the realm of telephony. As VoIP has become increasingly popular among companies and individuals, it has also taken over a substantial portion of the telephony market. VoIP offers numerous benefits and options to users, giving them a choice on many aspects of their phone usage. They can communicate through an audio- or video-only conversation, or through basic messaging. They can use traditional telephones, or they can opt to use IP phones, computers, or mobile devise. Also, with VoIP, the convergence of all forms of communication to the Internet is now complete: emails, phone calls, video calls, conference calls and all other forms of data transfer can now take place on a single unified IP network. As this technology continues to develop, I think we will see even more advancements in how we communicate, and I think that the next step will be the use of virtual reality.


Sources:

Pratomo, I., Asriadi, & Affandi, A. (2016). Implementing OLSR and Wireless VoIP as Low-Cost Infrastructure Telephony for Rural Area. Telkomnika, 14(2), 563-573. doi:10.12928/TELKOMNIKA.v14i1.3364

Arapinis, M., Mancini, L., Ritter, E., & Ryan, M. (2017). Analysis of privacy in mobile telephony systems. International Journal Of Information Security, 16(5), 491-523. doi:10.1007/s10207-016-0338-9

Cherry, S. (2005). Seven Myths About Voice over IP. IEEE Spectrum, 42(3), 52-57.

Tuesday, April 17, 2018

What social/economic forces shape communication infrastructure?


Throughout my research and preparation for this case study I have learned that as telephony has progressed from landline to mobile telephones, social and economic forces such as connectivity, social networking and m-commerce have all shaped communication infrastructure. With the exemplification of AT&T as the example for my case study, I was able to dive into their history, progression from landline to mobile phones and their new innovations in the 5G network.

As I discussed in my case study, AT&T was granted the right to operate as a monopoly from the Communication Act of 1934 and functioned as one until its breakup into RBOCs in 1984. The transition from landline to mobile phones has been very quick as 51% of American homes have ONLY a mobile phone. AT&T’s innovation of the 5G network promises to greatly enhance the speed, coverage and responsiveness of wireless networks (Cnet). It’s promised to be 10-100 times faster than the average connection.

My case study enhanced my knowledge of the advancement of communication infrastructure. Additionally, the feedback I received from my classmates during the discussion question period greatly added to my presentation, specifically discussing whether or not a student would switch to AT&T just to access their 5G network. The students that responded all said that they would switch to interact with a stronger and faster service. In addition, when we were discussing the transition from landline to mobile technology the responses were more varied. Some people believed landlines are still beneficial to have and some believed that landline technology is too outdated and that mobile technology is the only important means of communication. Overall, my case study greatly strengthened my knowledge of communication infrastructure and the social/economic factors that influence it. 




Cheng, R. (2018, February 09). Crazy-fast 5G networks are coming soon. Here's what you need to know. Retrieved April 10, 2018, from https://www.cnet.com/how-to/5g-network-technology-here-are-the-basics/
Newsroom. (2018, February 20). Retrieved April 10, 2018, from http://about.att.com/story/multigigabit_mobile_5g.html
Straubhaar, J. D., LaRose, R., & Davenport, L. (2018). Media now: Understanding media, culture, and technology(10th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
The Importance of Landline Telephones. (n.d.). Retrieved April 10, 2018, from https://duocounty.com/home-telephone/the-importance-of-landline-telephones
Yurieff, K. (n.d.). AT&T names first three cities to get its ultra-fast 5G network. Retrieved February 21, 2018, from http://money.cnn.com/2018/02/20/technology/att-5g-mobile-network-cities/index.html


Wednesday, April 11, 2018

Television and Video Streaming


How do older forms of media inform new media markets?

The world of technology has grown exponentially over the past few decades. From radios to telephones and television, there has been a progression of media related forces taking over the airwaves. Each of these media based technologies has developed through incorporating older strategies and combining them with new ways to capture their audience. Television was a revolution that quickly became a household appliance in the mid 1900s. Many of the traditional strategies used in the development of television have been incorporated in the widely known revolution of online video streaming.

During my research I took a closer look at video streaming and the effects it has had on traditional forms of Television. Video streaming is the usage of transmissions from over the Internet partnering with digital receives and digital cable connections. One of the largest video streaming websites is Hulu. Hulu is a joint venture company invested in by various broadcasting companies. Hulu allows for the viewer to have access to a wide variety of content from various outlets in no time at all. With the use of advertisements and niche channels, Hulu has acquired over 17 million users.

The advertisements used on Hulu can be linked back to the commercial sponsorships used by traditional television networks. Hulu has perfected the use of ads by focusing the advertisements to a select and specific audience. Along with their ads, Hulu has begun to create content that is specified for specific tastes and people groups. Early television networks used multiple channels to create more attractive content for specific audiences.


With the creation of online video streaming companies such as Hulu and Netflix, we have seen a steady decrease of traditional television use. According to a study done by the Pew Research Center, 6 out of 10 young adults in the U.S. primarily use online streaming to watch TV. This statistic forecasts a continued decreased in traditional television use in the upcoming years. As our society evolves, who knows if television will continue to be the household appliance it once was.


Sources: 

HARDENBERGH, M. (2010). THE DEATH OF TELEVISION. ETC: A Review Of General  
Semantics, 67(2), 170-176.
Kaul, V. (2012, February 05). Changing Paradigms of Media Landscape in the Digital Age. Retrieved April 04, 2018
Logan, K. (2011). Hulu.com or NBC? Streaming Video versus Traditional TV: A Study of an Industry in Its Infancy. Journal Of Advertising Research, 51(1), 276-287.
Puccinelli, N. M., Wilcox, K., & Grewal, D. (2015). Consumers' response to commercials: When the energy level in the commercial conflicts with the media context. Journal Of Marketing, 79(2), 1-18. doi:10.1509/jm.13.0026
Schweidel, D. A., & Moe, W. W. (2016). Binge Watching and Advertising. Journal Of Marketing, 80(5), 1. doi:10.1509/jm.15.0258